Demographics

Union County, Indiana

Organized in 1821 from pieces of Fayette, Franklin and Wayne counties and named for the resulting “union”

County Seat: Liberty

Largest City: Liberty (2014 population: 2,056)

Population per Square Mile: 44.55

Square Miles: 161.20

Go to county’s in.gov site

Population over Time

Number

Rank in State

Percent of State

Indiana

Yesterday (2010) 7,516 91 0.1% 6,484,192
Today (2015) 7,182 91 0.1% 6,619,680
Tomorrow (2020 projection)* 7,632 91 0.1% 6,852,121
Percent Change 2010 to Today -4.4% 92   2.1%

*Projection based on 2010 Census counts.
Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Components of Population Change, 2014-2015

Number

Rank in State

Percent of State

Indiana

Net Domestic Migration -53 29   -14,881
Net International Migration 0 81   12,574
Natural Increase (births minus deaths) 8 72 0.0% 25,260

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Population Estimates by Age, 2014

Number

Rank in State

Pct Dist.
in County

Pct Dist.
in State

Preschool (0 to 4) 329 91 4.5% 6.4%
School Age (5 to 17) 1,320 91 18.2% 17.6%
College Age (18 to 24) 609 91 8.4% 10.1%
Young Adult (25 to 44) 1,603 91 22.1% 25.3%
Older Adult (45 to 64) 2,161 91 29.8% 26.3%
Seniors (65 and older) 1,224 91 16.9% 14.3%
Median Age 42.7     Median Age = 37.5

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Business Research Center

Population Estimates by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2014

Number

Rank of

Pct Dist.
in County

Pct Dist.
in State

American Indian or Alaska Native Alone 23 89 0.3% 0.4%
Asian Alone 22 90 0.3% 2.0%
Black Alone 52 88 0.7% 9.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pac. Isl. Alone 3 77 0.0% 0.1%
White 7,047 91 97.3% 86.1%
Two or More Race Groups 99 87 1.4% 1.9%
Hispanic or Latino Origin (can be of any race)        
Non-Hispanic 7,141 91 98.6% 93.4%
Hispanic 105 90 1.4% 6.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Household Types

Number

Rank in State

Pct Dist.
in County

Pct Dist.
in State

Households in 2014 (Includes detail not shown below) 2,949 91 100.0% 100.0%
Married With Children 649 91 22.0% 19.4%
Married Without Children 975 91 33.1% 30.1%
Single Parents 186 92 6.3% 9.9%
Living Alone 872 90 29.6% 27.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Housing

Number

Rank in State

Pct Dist.
in County

Pct Dist.
in State

Total Housing Units in 2014 (estimate) 3,225 91 100.0% 100.0%
Total Housing Units in 2014 (includes vacant units) 3,220 91 100.0% 100.0%
Owner Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
2,227 91 69.2% 61.6%
Median Value (2014) $105,700 53    
Renter Occupied
(Pct. distribution based on all housing units)
722 91 22.4% 27.1%
Median Rent (2014) $422 81    

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Education

Number

Rank in State

Percent of State

Indiana

School Enrollment (2014/2015 Total Reported) 1,450 90 0.1% 1,130,285
Public 1,450 90 0.1% 1,045,779
Adults (25+ in 2014 ACS) 5,014 91 0.1% 4,287,819
with High School diploma or higher 87.4% 37   87.6%
with B.A. or higher degree 19.3% 25   23.6%

Sources: Indiana Department of Education; U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year estimates.

Income and Poverty

Number

Rank in State

Percent of State

Indiana

Per Capita Personal Income (annual) in 2014 $32,933 77 83.2% 39,578
Median Household Income in 2014 47,410 50 96.0% $49,384
Poverty Rate in 2014 13.8% 44 90.8% 15.2%
Poverty Rate among Children under 18 21.7% 32 102.4% 21.2%
Welfare (TANF) Monthly Average Families in 2015 16 81 0.2% 8,338
Food Stamp Recipients in 2015 828 90 0.1% 810,606
Free and Reduced Fee Lunch Recipients in 2014 720 90 0.1% 514,128

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. Census Bureau; Indiana Family Social Services Administration; Indiana Department of Education

Health and Vital Statistics

Number

Rank of

Percent of State

Indiana

Births, 2013 67 91 0.1% 83,115
Births to Teens, 2013 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Deaths, 2014 69 91 0.1% 60,798

Source: Indiana State Department of Health

Labor Force, 2014

Number

Rank in State

Percent of State

Indiana

Total Resident Labor Force 3,581 91 0.1% 3,227,970
Employed 3,379 91 0.1% 3,035,984
Unemployed 202 92 0.1% 191,986
Annual Unemployment Rate 5.6 51 94.9% 5.9
February 2016 Unemployment Rate 5.0 60 92.6% 5.4

Source: STATS Indiana, using data from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development

Employment and Earnings by Industry, 2014

Employment

Pct Dist.
in County

Earnings ($000)

Pct Dist.
In County

Avg. Earnings Per Job

Total by place of work 2,696 100.0% $84,116 100.0% $31,200
Wage and Salary 1,470 54.5% $45,410 54.0% $30,891
Farm Proprietors 212 7.9% $9,546 11.3% $45,028
Nonfarm Proprietors 1,014 37.6% $15,989 19.0% $15,768
Farm 251 9.3% $10,463 12.4% $41,685
Nonfarm 2,445 90.7% $73,653 87.6% $30,124
Private 1,979 73.4% $54,082 64.3% $27,328
  Accommodation, Food Serv. Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Arts, Ent., Recreation Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Construction 176 6.5% $5,291 6.3% $30,063
  Health Care, Social Serv. Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Information 22 0.8% $0 0.0% $0
  Manufacturing 243 9.0% $12,870 15.3% $52,963
  Professional, Tech. Serv. 83 3.1% $1,156 1.4% $13,928
  Retail Trade 324 12.0% $5,973 7.1% $18,435
  Trans., Warehousing Data not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.
  Wholesale Trade 79 2.9% $3,388 4.0% $42,886
  Other Private (not above) 302* 11.2%* $8,016* 9.5%* $26,543*
Government 466 17.3% $19,571 23.3% $41,998

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
* These totals do not include county data that are not available due to BEA non-disclosure requirements.

Residential Building Permits, 2014

Units

Pct Dist.
in County

Pct Dist.
in State

Cost ($000)

State Cost ($000)

Total Permits Filed 3 100.0% 100.0% $675 $3,222,176
Single-Family 3 100.0% 68.1% $675 $2,748,532
2-Family 0 0.0% 2.0% 0 $40,304
3- and 4-Family 0 0.0% 1.1% $0 $18,185
5+ Family 0 0.0% 28.7% $0 $415,155

Notes: Detail cost may not sum to total due to rounding. Greene County does not currently issue building permits, so it is excluded.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Largest Cities and Towns in Union County

Name

Population
in 2014

Percent of County

Liberty 2,056 28.6%
West College Corner 650 9.1%